Aroma Varieties...

For a complete copy of the USA Hop Variety Manual (updated July 2013), please click HERE

Amarillo® VGXP01 c.v.

Amarillo® is an aroma variety of recent origin, discovered and introduced by Vigil Gamache Farms Inc. in Washington State. It is used for its aromatic qualities, as well as its bittering properties due to its lower cohumulone content.

Yield (kilos per hectare)
1350 - 1800
Yield (lbs per acre)
1200 - 1600
Alpha Acids
8 - 11%
Beta Acids
6 - 7%
Alpha-Beta Ratio
1.6
Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):
21 - 24%
Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)
1.5 - 1.9
Myrcene (as % of total oils)
68-70%
Caryophyllene (as % of total oils)
2 - 4%
Humulene (as % of total oils)
9 - 11%
Farnesene (as % of total oils)
2 - 4%
Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)
Good (above average %)
Possible Substitutions
Cascade, Centennial
 
Cascade
Cascade is an aroma hop that was developed by the U.S.D.A. breeding program in Oregon and released in 1972.  It contains low amounts of alpha acids. The aroma is of medium strength and provides a unique floral/spicy character with well balanced bittering potential. It is the most popular hop with the U.S. craft brewing industry.

Yield (kilos per hectare)

1792 - 2240

Yield (lbs per acre)

1600 - 2000

Alpha Acids

4.5 - 7.0%

Beta Acids

4.8 - 7.0%

Alpha-Beta Ratio

0.9 - 1.0

Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):

33 - 40%

Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)

0.7 - 1.4

Myrcene (as % of total oils)

45 - 60%

Caryophyllene (as % of total oils)

3.5 - 5.5%

Humulene (as % of total oils)

8 - 13%

Farnesene (as % of total oils)

3 - 7%

Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)

48 - 52%

Possible Substitutions

Centennial, Amarillo

Centennial

Centennial is an aroma variety that was released in 1990. It is considered a very balanced hop and sometimes referred to as a super Cascade.  It is well suited for Ale style beers and has been used in Wheat beers. 

Yield (kilos per hectare)

1700 - 2000

Yield (lbs per acre)

1500 - 1750

Alpha Acids

9.5 - 11.5%

Beta Acids

3.5 - 4.5%

Alpha-Beta Ratio

2.7

Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):

29 - 30%

Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)

1.5 - 2.5

Myrcene (as % of total oils)

45 - 55%

Caryophyllene (as % of total oils)

5.0 - 8.0%

Humulene (as % of total oils)

10 - 18%

Farnesene (as % of total oils)

< 1.0%

Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)

60 - 65%

Possible Substitutions

Cascade, Amarillo

Citra™, HBC 394

Citra™ is a special aroma hop variety developed by the Hop Breeding Company (a joint venture between John I. Haas, Inc. and Select Botanicals Group, LLC).   It was released in 2007.  Citra™  has fairly high alpha acids and total oil contents with a low percentage of cohumulone content. The variety imparts interesting citrus and tropical fruit characters to beer.

Yield (kilos per hectare)

1600 - 1800

Yield (lbs per acre)

1400 - 1600

Alpha Acids

11 - 13

Beta Acids

3.5 - 4.5

Alpha-Beta Ratio

2.9 - 3.1

Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):

22 - 24%

Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)

2.2 - 2.8

Myrcene (as % of total oils)

60 - 65%

Caryophyllene (as % of total oils)

6 - 8%

Humulene (as % of total oils)

11 - 13%

Farnesene (as % of total oils)

 0%

Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)

75%

Possible Substitutions

Unknown

 
Glacier
Glacier is a dual-purpose hop with well balanced bittering properties and a pleasant aroma profile. It was released in 2000 from the Washington State University breeding program. It is commonly used in beer styles such as Pale Ale, ESB, Bitter, English-Style Pale Ale, Porter, and Stout.
 
Yield (kilos per hectare)
2750 - 2900
Yield (lbs per acre)
2400 - 2600
Alpha Acids
5.5%
Beta Acids
8.2%
Alpha-Beta Ratio
0.7
Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):
11 - 13%
Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)
0.7 - 1.6
Myrcene (as % of total oils)
33 - 62%
Caryophyllene (as % of total oils)
6.5 - 10%
Humulene (as % of total oils)
24 - 36%
Farnesene (as % of total oils)
<1%
Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)
72%
Possible Substitutions
Willamette
 
Golding
Golding hops consist of a group of traditional English aroma varieties which have been cultivated since 1790.  Several selections now exist, but the variety grown in the U.S. is Canterbury Golding. It is very popular among U.S. ale breweries, especially for English-style beers.
 
Yield (kilos per hectare)
1344 - 1680
Yield (lbs per acre)
1200 - 1500
Alpha Acids
4.0 - 6.0%
Beta Acids
2.0 - 3.0%
Alpha-Beta Ratio
1.9 - 2.1
Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):
23 - 28%
Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)
0.7 - 1.0
Myrcene (as % of total oils)
25 - 35%
Caryophyllene (as % of total oils)
13 - 16%
Humulene (as % of total oils)
35 - 45%
Farnesene (as % of total oils)
<1%
Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)
66%
Possible Substitutions
East Kent Golding, Fuggle, Styrian Golding, Willamette
 
Mt. Hood
Named after the famous Oregon volcano, Mt. Hood is an aroma variety that was released in 1989 from the U.S.D.A. breeding program in Oregon.  It is very similar to the German Hallertauer and Hersbrucker varieties. Mt. Hood has low alpha acids, beta acids, and cohumulone, but high humulene content. It has a mild aroma and is typically used in Lagers, Pilsners, Bocks and Wheat beers.
 
Yield (kilos per hectare)
1624 - 1960
Yield (lbs per acre)
1450 - 1750
Alpha Acids
4.0 - 7.0%
Beta Acids
5.0 - 8.0%
Alpha-Beta Ratio
0.8 - 0.9
Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):
21 - 23%
Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)
1.2 - 1.7
Myrcene (as % of total oils)
30 - 40%
Caryophyllene (as % of total oils)
13 - 16%
Humulene (as % of total oils)
30 - 38%
Farnesene (as % of total oils)
<1%
Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)
55%
Possible Substitutions
Hallertau, Hersbrucker, Strisselspalt
 
Palisade®, YCR 4
Palisade is an aroma variety bred by Yakima Chief Ranches. It is used in brewing for its aromatic properties and moderate bittering. It has good resistance to powdery mildew.
 
Yield (kilos per hectare)
2400 - 3400
Yield (lbs per acre)
2200 - 3000
Alpha Acids
5.5 - 9.5%
Beta Acids
6.0 - 8.0%
Alpha-Beta Ratio
1
Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):
24 - 29%
Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)
1.4 - 1.6
Myrcene (as % of total oils)
9 - 10%
Caryophyllene (as % of total oils)
16 - 18%
Humulene (as % of total oils)
19 - 22%
Farnesene (as % of total oils)
0%
Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)
Good (above average %)
Possible Substitutions
Willamette
 
Simcoe®, YCR 14
Simcoe® is a bittering/aroma variety bred by Yakima Chief Ranches and released in 2000. It is used for its aromatic qualities, as well as its bittering properties due to its low cohumulone content. It imparts a unique, pine-like aroma, and is often used in American Ales.
 
Yield (kilos per hectare)
1800 - 2020
Yield (lbs per acre)
1600 - 1800
Alpha Acids
12 - 14%
Beta Acids
4 - 5%
Alpha-Beta Ratio
2.8
Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):
15 - 20%
Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)
2.0 - 2.5
Myrcene (as % of total oils)
60 - 65%
Caryophyllene (as % of total oils)
5 - 8%
Humulene (as % of total oils)
10 - 15%
Farnesene (as % of total oils)
0%
Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)
Good (above average %)
Possible Substitutions
Summit, Magnum
 
Sterling
Sterling is an aroma variety that was released in 1998. It has excellent noble hop aroma and smooth bitterness. It has gained major brewery acceptance and is finding favor as a Saaz replacement. Sterling has an herbal, spicy aroma with hints of floral and citrus. It is typically used in Pilsners and Lagers.
 
Yield (kilos per hectare)
1650 - 1860
Yield (lbs per acre)
1400 - 1600
Alpha Acids
6.0 - 9.0%
Beta Acids
4.0 - 6.0%
Alpha-Beta Ratio
0.67
Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):
22 - 28%
Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)
1.3 - 1.9
Myrcene (as % of total oils)
44 - 48%
Caryophyllene (as % of total oils)
5.0 - 7.0%
Humulene (as % of total oils)
19 - 23%
Farnesene (as % of total oils)
11 - 17%
Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)
60-75%
Possible Substitutions
Polish Lublin, Saaz
 
Willamette
Named after Oregon’s Willamette River, which runs through that state’s hop growing region, Willamette was released in 1976 from the U.S.D.A. breeding program. The variety is characterized by a low alpha acids content and mild aroma.  It is the most popular American aroma hop accounting for approximately 20% of total U.S. hop acreage. The aroma can be described as mild, slightly spicy, and pleasant.
 
Yield (kilos per hectare)
1500 - 1900
Yield (lbs per acre)
1300 - 1700
Alpha Acids
4.0 - 6.0%
Beta Acids
3.5 - 4.5%
Alpha-Beta Ratio
1.3 - 1.4
Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):
30 - 35%
Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)
1.0 - 1.5
Myrcene (as % of total oils)
30 - 40%
Caryophyllene (as % of total oils)
6.5 - 8.2%
Humulene (as % of total oils)
20 - 27%
Farnesene (as % of total oils)
5 - 6%
Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)
60-65%
Possible Substitutions
Fuggle, Tettnang, Styrian Golding

 

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